Papadakis, K. (Ed.). Social dialogue and cross-border agreements. An emerging framework for global labour relations. Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies. ILO References (2018), International Framework Agreement in Food Distribution, Clothing and Chemistry: Lessons from Three Case Studies, Geneva. IndustriALL (2019), IndustriALL suspends a global agreement with Volkswagen on 21 January. Uni Global Union (2018), UNI Global Union and Banco Itaé extend global agreement on workers` rights, 23 October. IndustriALL (2014), guidelines for Global Framework Agreements (GFA), Geneva. ILO (1998), ILO statement on fundamental principles and rights in the workplace, Geneva. Carrefour (2018), UNI Global Union and Carrefour strengthen global cooperation, Annecy. Uni Global Union (2018), Global Agreement between BNP Paribas and UNI Global Union promotes workers` rights, gender equality for the company`s 200,000 workers worldwide, Nyon.
Levesque, C., Hennebert, M. A., Murray, G., Bourque, R. (2016). Corporate social responsibility and workers` rights: institutionalization of social dialogue through international framework agreements. Journal of Business Ethics, 1-16. Fichter, M., Helfen, M., Sydow, J. (2011). Industrial relations in global production networks: start of the transfer of practices by trade union participation. Human Relations, 64 (4), 599-622. The term “international framework agreement” is used to distinguish negotiated agreements from the type of voluntary codes of conduct that companies unilaterally adopt to demonstrate their commitment to corporate social responsibility. Therefore, the IFA negotiation can be seen as the beginning of collective bargaining at the transnational level. The GUF therefore sees the IFA as an opportunity to integrate the activities of companies into a process of private standardization in order to improve the conditions of workers and trade unions around the world.
Indeed, several UFGs have developed their own guidelines to encourage the negotiation and implementation of the IFA, such as IndustriALL`s guidelines for GFA.B.  Williams, G., Davies, S., Chinguno, C. (2015). Subcontracting and working standards: reassessing the potential of international framework agreements. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 53 (2), 181-203. Hadwiger, F. (2015). Global Framework Agreements: Achieving Decent Work in Global Supply Chains? International Journal of Labour Research, 7(1), 75-94. Fichter, M., McCallum, J. K.
(2015). Implementation of global framework agreements: the limits of social partnership. Global Networks, 15(1), 65-85. The ILO notes that the number of IFAs signed from year to year between 2000 and 2016 has increased and that 115 agreements were concluded in 2016.